მაჰათმა განდი (Mahatma Gandhi)
მოჰანდას კარამჩანდ განდი (დევანაგარი/ჰინდი: मोहनदास करमचन्द गांधी; გუჯარათი: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી; დ.2 ოქტომბერი, 1869, პორბანდარი ― გ. 30 იანვარი, 1948, დელი), საყოველთაოდ ცნობილი როგორც მაჰათმა განდი — ინდოეთის სულიერი და პოლიტიკური ლიდერი, რომლის წინამძღოლობით ინდოეთმა ბრიტანეთისგან დამოუკიდებლობას მიაღწია. მთელი სიცოცხლის განმავლობაში ის უარჰყოფდა რაიმე სახის ტერორიზმს ან ძალადობას. ძალადობის უარყოფის მისეულმა ფილოსოფიამ, რომელსაც მან სატიაგრაჰა უწოდა, დიდი გავლენა იქონია ეროვნულსა თუ საერთაშორისო არაძალადობრივი წინააღმდეგობის მოძრაობებზე მსოფლიო მასშტაბით დღემდე.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (pronounced [ˈmoːɦənd̪aːs ˈkərəmtʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ʱi] ( listen); 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the preeminent leader and freedom fighter of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahatma (Sanskrit: “high-souled,” “venerable”)—applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa,—is now used worldwide. He is also called Bapu (Gujarati: endearment for “father,” “papa.”) in India.
Born and raised in a Hindu, merchant caste, family in coastal Gujarat, western India, and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London, Gandhi first employed nonviolent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community’s struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women’s rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, but above all for achieving Swaraj or self-rule.
– Always aim at complete harmony of thought and word and deed. Always aim at purifying your thoughts and everything will be well.
– As long as you derive inner help and comfort from anything, keep it.
– Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes.
– Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.
– Hate the sin, love the sinner.
– Honest differences are often a healthy sign of progress.
– Honest disagreement is often a good sign of progress.
– I believe in equality for everyone, except reporters and photographers.
– I cannot teach you violence, as I do not myself believe in it. I can only teach you not to bow your heads before any one even at the cost of your life.
– I object to violence because when it appears to do good, the good is only temporary; the evil it does is permanent.
– I want freedom for the full expression of my personality.
– In matters of conscience, the law of the majority has no place.
– In the attitude of silence the soul finds the path in a clearer light, and what is elusive and deceptive resolves itself into crystal clearness. Our life is a long and arduous quest after Truth.
– Indolence is a delightful but distressing state; we must be doing something to be happy.
– It is better to be violent, if there is violence in our hearts, than to put on the cloak of nonviolence to cover impotence.
– It is unwise to be too sure of one’s own wisdom. It is healthy to be reminded that the strongest might weaken and the wisest might err.
– One needs to be slow to form convictions, but once formed they must be defended against the heaviest odds.
– Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.
– The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.
– Whatever you do will be insignificant, but it is very important that you do it.
– Mahatma Gandhi –