მთავარი > Art > არნოლდ ბიოკლინი (Arnold Böcklin)

არნოლდ ბიოკლინი (Arnold Böcklin)

Self-portrait

Self-portrait

Arnold Böcklin (16 October 1827 – 16 January 1901) was a Swiss symbolist painter.

He was born at Basel. His father, Christian Frederick Böcklin (b. 1802), was descended from an old family of Schaffhausen, and engaged in the silk trade. His mother, Ursula Lippe, was a native of the same city. Arnold studied at the Düsseldorf academy under Schirmer,[1] and became a friend of Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting. Schirmer, who recognized in him a student of exceptional promise, sent him to Antwerp andBrussels, where he copied the works of Flemish and Dutch masters. Böcklin then went to Paris, worked at the Louvre, and painted several landscapes.[1]

After serving his time in the army, Böcklin set out for Rome in March 1850. At Rome, he married Angela Rosa Lorenza Pascucci in 1853. The many sights of Rome were a fresh stimulus to his mind. These new influences brought allegorical and mythological figures into his compositions. In 1856 he returned to Munich, and remained there for four years. He then exhibited the Great Park, one of his earliest works, in which he treated ancient mythology. Of this period are his Nymph and SatyrHeroic Landscape (Diana Hunting), both of 1858, and Sappho (1859). These works, which were much discussed, together with Lenbach‘s recommendation, gained him appointment as professor at the Weimar academy. He held the office for two years, painting the Venus and Love, a Portrait of Lenbach, and a Saint Catherine.[1]

He returned to Rome from 1862 to 1866, and there gave his fancy and his taste for violent colour free play in his Portrait of Mme Böcklin, and in An Anchorite in the Wilderness (1863), a Roman Tavern, and Villa on the Seashore (1864). He returned to Basel in 1866 to finish his frescoes in the gallery, and to paint, besides several portraits, The Magdalene with Christ (1868), Anacreon’s Muse (1869), and A Castle and Warriors (1871). His Portrait of Myself, with Death playing a violin (1873), was painted after his return again to Munich, where he exhibited Battle of the CentaursLandscape with Moorish Horsemen and A Farm (1875). From 1876 to 1885 Böcklin was working at Florence, and painted a PietàUlysses and CalypsoPrometheus, and the Sacred Grove

Influenced by Romanticism his painting is symbolist with mythological subjects often overlapping with the Pre-Raphaelites. His pictures portray mythological, fantastical figures along classical architecture constructions (often revealing an obsession with death) creating a strange, fantasy world.

Böcklin is best known for his five versions (painted in 1880-1886) of Isle of the Dead, which partly evokes the English Cemetery, Florence, close to his studio and where his baby daughter Maria had been buried. An early version of the painting was commissioned by a Madame Berna, a widow who wanted a painting with a dream-like atmosphere.[2]

Clement Greenberg wrote in 1947 that Böcklin’s work “is one of the most consummate expressions of all that was now disliked about the latter half of the nineteenth century.

source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arnold_B%C3%B6cklin

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Paintings:

10. არნოლდ ბიოკლინი (Arnold Böcklin)

A.Boecklin, Bildnis Clara Bruckmann-Boeckl -  - Boecklin, Arnold , 1827-1901.

09. არნოლდ ბიოკლინი (Arnold Böcklin)

The Deposition - Arnold Böcklin, c.1874

The Deposition – Arnold Böcklin, c.1874

08. არნოლდ ბიოკლინი (Arnold Böcklin)

Landscape with a castle in ruins

Landscape with a castle in ruins

07. არნოლდ ბიოკლინი (Arnold Böcklin)

The volcano - Arnold Böcklin

The volcano – Arnold Böcklin

06. არნოლდ ბიოკლინი (Arnold Böcklin)

Night - Arnold Böcklin

Night – Arnold Böcklin

05. არნოლდ ბიოკლინი (Arnold Böcklin)

Vestal - Arnold Böcklin

Vestal – Arnold Böcklin

04. არნოლდ ბიოკლინი (Arnold Böcklin)

Isle of the Dead ("Die Toteninsel")

Isle of the Dead (“Die Toteninsel”)

03. არნოლდ ბიოკლინი (Arnold Böcklin)

The Homecoming ("Die Heimkehr")

The Homecoming (“Die Heimkehr”)

02. არნოლდ ბიოკლინი (Arnold Böcklin)

Odysseus and Calypso, 1883

Odysseus and Calypso, 1883

01. არნოლდ ბიოკლინი (Arnold Böcklin)

Medusa

Medusa

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  1. მაგა რაიუელა
    October 31, 2013 at 13:17

    ბიოკლინის “Isle of the Dead”–ზე მახსენდება ჰუგო ფონ ჰოფმანსტალის “ქალი ჩრდილის გარეშე”….

    Like

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