კაზიმირ მალევიჩი (Kazimir Malevich)
Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (February 23, 1878 – May 15, 1935) was a Russian painter and art theoretician. He was a pioneer of geometric abstract art and the originator of the avant-garde Suprematist movement.
From 1896 to 1904 Kazimir Malevich lived in Kursk. In 1904, after the death of his father, he moved to Moscow. He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture from 1904 to 1910 and in the studio of Fedor Rerberg in Moscow (1904 to 1910). In 1911 he participated in the second exhibition of the group, Soyuz Molodyozhi (Union of Youth) inSt. Petersburg, together with Vladimir Tatlin and, in 1912, the group held its third exhibition, which included works byAleksandra Ekster, Tatlin, and others. In the same year he participated in an exhibition by the collective, Donkey’s Tail in Moscow. By that time his works were influenced by Natalia Goncharova and Mikhail Larionov, Russian avant-garde painters, who were particularly interested in Russian folk art called lubok. Malevich described himself as painting in a “Cubo-Futuristic” style in 1912. In March 1913 a major exhibition of Aristarkh Lentulov‘s paintings opened in Moscow. The effect of this exhibition was comparable with that of Paul Cézanne in Paris in 1907, as all the main Russian avant-garde artists of the time (including Malevich) immediately absorbed the cubist principles and began using them in their works. Already in the same year the Cubo-Futurist opera, Victory Over the Sun, with Malevich’s stage-set, became a great success. In 1914 Malevich exhibited his works in the Salon des Indépendants in Paris together with Alexander Archipenko, Sonia Delaunay, Aleksandra Ekster, and Vadim Meller, among others. Malevich also co-illustrated, with Pavel Filonov, Selected Poems with Postscript, 1907–1914 by Velimir Khlebnikov and another work by Khlebnikov in 1914 titled Roar! Gauntlets, 1908–1914, with Vladimir Burliuk.
Kazimir Malevich Quotes:
“Painters were also attorneys, happy storytellers of anecdote, psychologists, botanists, zoologists, archaeologists, engineers, but there were no creative painters.”
“Painters were examining magistrates, police officers who wrote out assorted warrants on spoiled merchandise, on thefts, on murders and on bums.”
“Painting is the aesthetic side of the object but it has never been original, has never been its own goal.”
07. Kazimir Malevich
05. Kazimir Malevich- Head of a Peasant Girl
04. Kazimir Malevich
03. Kazimir Malevich
02. Kazimir Malevich
01. Kazimir Malevich – Black Square