მარკ შაგალი (Marc Chagall)
Marc Zakharovich Chagall (/ʃəˈɡɑːl/ shə-gahl; 6 July [O.S. 24 June] 1887 – 28 March 1985) was a Russian–French artist. An early modernist, he was associated with several major artistic styles and created works in virtually every artistic medium, including painting, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic, tapestries and fine art prints.
Art critic Robert Hughes referred to Chagall as “the quintessential Jewish artist of the twentieth century” (though Chagall saw his work as “not the dream of one people but of all humanity”). According to art historian Michael J. Lewis, Chagall was considered to be “the last survivor of the first generation of European modernists”. For decades, he “had also been respected as the world’s preeminent Jewish artist”. Using the medium of stained glass, he produced windows for the cathedrals of Reims and Metz, windows for the UN, and the Jerusalem Windows in Israel. He also did large-scale paintings, including part of the ceiling of the Paris Opéra.
Before World War I, he traveled between St. Petersburg, Paris, and Berlin. During this period he created his own mixture and style of modern art based on his idea of Eastern European Jewish folk culture. He spent the wartime years in Soviet Belarus, becoming one of the country’s most distinguished artists and a member of the modernist avant-garde, founding the Vitebsk Arts College before leaving again for Paris in 1922.
He had two basic reputations, writes Lewis: as a pioneer of modernism and as a major Jewish artist. He experienced modernism’s “golden age” in Paris, where “he synthesized the art forms of Cubism, Symbolism, and Fauvism, and the influence of Fauvism gave rise to Surrealism“. Yet throughout these phases of his style “he remained most emphatically a Jewish artist, whose work was one long dreamy reverie of life in his native village of Vitebsk.” “When Matisse dies,”Pablo Picasso remarked in the 1950s, “Chagall will be the only painter left who understands what colour really is”.
Marc Chagall Quotes:
“All colors are the friends of their neighbors and the lovers of their opposites.”
“I adore the theater and I am a painter. I think the two are made for a marriage of love. I will give all my soul to prove this once more.”
“I work in whatever medium likes me at the moment.”
“If I create from the heart, nearly everything works; if from the head, almost nothing.”
“In our life there is a single color, as on an artist’s palette, which provides the meaning of life and art. It is the color of love.”
“Only love interests me, and I am only in contact with things that revolve around love.”
“The dignity of the artist lies in his duty of keeping awake the sense of wonder in the world. In this long vigil he often has to vary his methods of stimulation; but in this long vigil he is also himself striving against a continual tendency to sleep.”
“The fingers must be educated, the thumb is born knowing.”
“When I am finishing a picture, I hold some God-made object up to it – a rock, a flower, the branch of a tree or my hand – as a final test. If the painting stands up beside a thing man cannot make, the painting is authentic. If there’s a clash between the two, it’s bad art.”
“Work isn’t to make money; you work to justify life.”
10. Marc Chagall
09. Marc Chagall
08. Marc Chagall
07. Marc Chagall
06. Marc Chagall
05. Marc Chagall
04. Marc Chagall
03. Marc Chagall
02. Marc Chagall
01. Marc Chagall